Choice of tiles

Selecting the most suitable material is certainly not an easy matter. There are many different materials to choose from when you are looking for a type of flooring or wall covering, and each of them has special properties to bear in mind.
New production techniques have led to a huge variety of different types of surface, including those which faithfully reproduce natural materials such as stone, polished marble, wood, metal, textiles, etc.
Thick stoneware tiles
Floors or walls covered in covered in thick porcelain stoneware tiles have very low porosity and are very firm and solid. This type of tile is produced by compression and is extremely strong. The surface colouring is continued throughout the body of the tile. This feature is particularly valuable if the tile is chipped, because any aesthetic damage is reduced to a minimum.
For this reason, thick porcelain stoneware tiles are ideal for use in areas of high footfall and frequent use. Stoneware tiles are available in a wide range of formats and finishes: with natural, polished, lapped, satin or structured finishes.

Natural finish porcelain stoneware

The finish is obtained during the production process: it is generally smooth or with an slight unevenness on the surface.

Satin finish porcelain stoneware

The structured surface is machine-processed to give the surface a soft appearance similar to a wax finish.

Polished porcelain stoneware

The stoneware is subjected to a sanding process during production, thus achieving a “polished” finish characterized by a special high-gloss effect. This type of processing can make the material more “absorbent” and so susceptible to staining. It is therefore advisable to treat it with a stain-resistant coating.

Structured finish porcelain stoneware

Structured finish stoneware has a particularly rough, matt finish and is ideally suited to outside paving.

Lapped finish porcelain stoneware

Lapping is a machine process which virtually eliminates all roughness in the stoneware, making the surface as smooth as a mirror. In this way, the stoneware which has a rough, matt aspect in its natural state, takes on a beautifully smooth, glossy appearance. The main characteristic of lapped porcelain stoneware, therefore, is the absence of any irregularities in the surface.

Active + porcelain stoneware

Active clean air & antibacterial ceramic is a new type of finish obtained by means of an innovative treatment which uses titanium dioxide in micron form, enabling it to act as a photocatalyser. When applied to porcelain stoneware at high temperatures, this finish lends the material three very important properties: anti-polluting, antibacterial and self-cleaning (on exterior walls only). These excellent physical and chemical attributes make the product ideal for the following uses: internal and external floor and wall coverings for hospitals, schools, wellness centres and other buildings where hygiene is an essential requirement. In the presence of light and air, a powerful oxidative process is activated, stimulating the decomposition of certain organic and inorganic substances as they come into contact with the tiled surfaces.

 

 

Rectified porcelain stoneware

Rectification is a procedure executed by cutting machine, which allows you to create a ceramic tile with perfectly squared and straightened edges. As a result, it is possible to lay these tiles closely adjoining one another, with almost imperceptible gaps between them.

Enamelled porcelain stoneware tiles

Enamelled porcelain stoneware tiles are produced using a compression process and are characterised by their great compactness and minimal porosity. This type of tile is enhanced by the application of an enamel glaze to the surface, and is particularly suitable for flooring in residential areas, but also in public spaces such as shops, boutiques and restaurants. Enamelled porcelain stoneware tiles are available in a wide range of formats and surfaces.

Single-fired tiles

Single-fired tiles are ideal for decorating residential areas. They have certain important technical characteristics which make them a very versatile product, suitable for many different surfaces. Single-fired wall and floor tiles are the result of one high temperature firing: a process which enhances the colours and decorations on the surface of the tile. Tiles produced in this way have very low porosity and are extremely strong: attributes which make them well suited to areas subjected to heavy wear, stains, and humidity, such as bathrooms or kitchens.
Recommendations for intended use are given in the catalogue, alongside every type of flooring material. However, we would not advise the use of products with gloss finishes in areas of heavy footfall, or areas which communicate directly with the outside world and which are therefore exposed to sand or other abrasive materials.

Double-fired tiles

Ceramic tiles produced by this special technological process are subjected to two firings: the first involving the base of the tile and the second the enamel.
This type of ceramic boasts a particular sharpness of colour; allowing full rein for the designer’s imagination, thanks to the great variety of possible shades and the opportunity to create highly complex patterns and effects.

Double-fired tiles are mainly used for interiors. They add a touch of class to kitchens, bathrooms and lounges, by personalising the environment and blending in perfectly with any architectural features. This type of product hardly shrinks at all during firing, so its dimensions remain very consistent, making it particularly easy to lay.